Up Zamindari Abolition And Land Reforms Act 1950 Pdf

up zamindari abolition and land reforms act 1950 pdf

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A zamindar , zomindar , zomidar , or jomidar , in the Indian subcontinent was an autonomous or semiautonomous ruler of a state who accepted the suzerainty of the Emperor of Hindustan. The term means land owner in Persian. Typically hereditary, zamindars held enormous tracts of land and control over their peasants, from whom they reserved the right to collect tax on behalf of imperial courts or for military purposes. During the Mughal Empire , zamindars belonged to the nobility [1] and formed the ruling class.

Salient features of the Uttar Pradesh Zamindari Abolition and land reforms Act 1950.

Tenancy Act. Zamindari Abolition and Land Reforms Act, ]. Tenancy Act, and the U. Land Revenue Act, as may be applicable. Nothing in Rule 4 or 5 shall be construed as depriving any party to the suit or proceeding from any right which may have accrued in his favour in the land, the subject matter of the suit or proceeding, under the Zamindari Abolition and Land Reforms Act, ]. Form 2 in respect of intermediaries to be specified by him. The extract shall bear the signatures of the Collector and the date of the report.

Where no balance is outstanding in respect of an intermediary the Collector shall send a blank statement duly signed by him. Form 2-A shall be prepared in respect of arrears due from the intermediary on the date of determination of compensation],. Without prejudice to the right of the State Government to recover the dues mentioned below by such other means, as may be open to it under law :.

Act III of , due from an intermediary for any period prior to the date of vesting shall be realized-. Encumbered Estates Act, , shall be deducted from the amount of compensation payable to him].

Form 4 showing i the name of each intermediary whether he holds sir or not , who resides in his circle and was on the date immediately preceding the date of vesting assessed in the circle to a land revenue of more than Rs. Form 5 for each intermediary whether he holds sir or not who docs not reside in the circle.

Form 5 in respect of an intermediary who does not reside in the tehsil but is resident in the district shall be forwarded by the tahsildar to the Collector of the district who shall send it to the tahsildar within whose jurisdiction the intermediary resides. Statements in respect of an intermediary who does not reside in the district, shall be forwarded to the Collector of the district in which the intermediary resides and the latter shall forward it to the tahsildar concerned.

Form A showing partitions or family settlements of joint Hindu family property made on or after August 8, Form 12 showing the names of all tenants of sir, who are entitled to become bhumidhars under sub-clause iii of clause d of sub-section 1 of Section 18 or under sub-section 2 of Section 18 or sirdars under clause iv of Section 19 read with Section 10 or under clause ix of Section Form 8 and 2 all tenants of sir holding on patta dawami or instamaari:.

Provided that the sir holder does not belong to any of the classes mentioned in sub-section 2 of Section Form 13 showing the plots recorded in the personal cultivation of a thekedar. Forms 15 and 16 showing the plots in possession of persons recorded as occupants of the land referred to in Section If the amount is not deposited, he shall declare his land to be vacant land.

Tenancy Act, , whichever are the latest. If the rent-rates do not distinguish between occupancy and non-occupancy or statutory tenants such rates shall be deemed to be sanctioned rates for both occupancy and hereditary tenants. If there or no sanctioned rent-rates, ex-proprietary rent shall be determined after taking into consideration the rents generally payable by occupancy tenants for land of similar quality and advantages in the vicinity. He shall however not be liable to pay any rent for the site if no such rent was payable on the date.

The Collector may exempt the site from the payment of rent for so long as it is utilized for any purpose of the nature indicated above. The Collector may, after making such inquiry as he considers necessary, direct that the exemption from the payment of rent should cease wholly or in part, as the case may demand.

Such exemption can only be granted by the Collector who has full discretion to reject any case which does not completely fulfill the requirements of sub-clause 2 i above. Cooperative Societies Act, or a society registered under the Societies Registration Act, or a limited liability Company under the Companies Act, , which had not been actually utilised in execution a housing scheme till the date of the notification issued under sub-section 2 of Section 2 of the Act, the Collector shall take necessary action to take possession of the land and thereafter he shall transfer the possession of such area of land, to the Municipality or Notified Area constituted under the provisions of the United Provinces Municipalities Act, or a Town Area constituted under the provisions of the United Provinces Town Areas Act, , or the State Housing and Development Board, or the Development Authority as the case may be, under whose jurisdiction the land is situate and the said authority shall utilise such area of land for the purposes of housing and urban development.

Form 18 in respect of holdings or part thereof the rent of which is payable in kind or based on an estimate or appraisement of the standing crop or partly in cash and partly in kind, and. Form 19 by exproprietary tenants and.

Form 19, by hereditary tenants. Form A showing the distribution of gross assets and land revenue, etc. Form B showing shares of intermediaries in cases where haqqiyat-mutafarriqa has been created by some but not all the cosharers. Form 24 showing shares of intermediaries in gross assets, land revenue and local rates in a mahal.

Agricultural Income-tax. Section 44 a 1. Where nominal land revenue has not been assessed it shall be calculated on the basis of the local rates. In the case of mahals consisting partly of an area to which the notification under Section 4 applies and partly of an area to which the notification docs not apply the land revenue shall be apportioned in the following manner.

The assets of each part of the mahal shall be calculated separately by adding the total recorded rent and the sayar of each part to the mahal to the aggregate of the statements mentioned above. The land revenue for each part of the mahal shall be apportioned in proportion to the assets of each part. Form 26 showing the deductions to be made from the gross assets. Form 27 :. Agricultural Income-tax Act, , together with income from his groves, the latter amount less the amount already entered in column 14 of Z.

A Form 26, shall be added to Column 7 of the Statement in Z. Form In the case of manzuridars, atiadars and muqarraridars of the merged Banaras State to which Notification No. In order to determine the class to which an intermediary belongs for the purpose of assessing rehabilitation grant in the case of an estate-. Provided that in the case of rents including cesses and local rates mentioned in clause a of sub-section 1 of Section 39 only the rents payable for land, of which such intermediary is the landholder, shall be included in the gross assets.

The amount payable by the proprietor to the nankar naqdi shall be deducted from his gross assets. Section Where in the course of service of notice under Section 46 1 issued to a recorded intermediary, or otherwise the Compensation Officer comes to know that the intermediary has died, he shall ascertain the names, from the Lekhpal and the Pradhan of the Land Management Committee through the Tahsildar, of all such persons as claim to be heirs of the deceased and issue notice to each one of such persons and also cause a general proclamation to be made in the village in which the property was situate, calling upon them to appear before him to a specified date to prove the extent of their interest in the estate of the deceased.

The Compensation Officer shall thereupon take proceedings for determination of the legal heirs of the deceased. In the case of an under-proprietor, sub-proprietor, permanent lessee in Avadh or permanent tenure-holder it shall give details of the rent of the holding names of recorded co-sharers or co-tenants as the case may be, and the share of the applicant.

On April 1 and July 1 each year for kharif and rabi respectively up to the year Fasli, and thereafter on January 1 and July 1 respectively. All arrears of land revenue, cesses, local rates, owners rates and all arrears on account of tax on agricultural income assessed under the U. Agricultural Income Tax Act, due from an intermediary in respect of his Estate for any period prior to the date of vesting and all amount ordered to be paid by an intermediary to the State Government under Sections 27 and 28 of the U.

Encumbered Estates Act, , which had fallen due before June 30, , as also amounts due under the Land Improvement Loans Act, , or the Agricultural Loans Act, which remain unpaid on the date of interim compensation, shall be deducted from the amount of interim compensation]. Form 32 and the register for payment of compensation in Z. Form 38 and shall forward report containing full details to the Collector for recovery of the amount paid in excess.

In the case of a proprietor, it shall give details of the land revenue assessed and the share of the applicant and in the case of an intermediary other than a proprietor it shall give details of the rent of the holding and the share of the applicant.

In case such application has not been filed, the reasons, for not doing so shall be stated. Provided however, that if in any case the State Government is satisfied that the waqf, trust or endowment has sufficient justification for not filing the application under Section 79 till the next instalment of interim annuity fell due, it might allow the payment of the next instalment of the interim annuity. A Form B. Form A in which all entries in respect of payment of interim annuity shall be made.

Form A the payment of interim annuity made. In cases where one or more instalments of interim annuities have been paid, the application shall also contain specifications of the amounts of interim annuities received by the waqf, trust or endowment and the period for which these amounts have been received. Explanation I.

Explanation II. Provided that if one or more annual payments of interest have already fallen due before the delivery of the stock certificate, they shall be payable immediately after the delivery of the stock certificate to the waqf, trust or endowment:. Any residual amount of interim interest, which cannot be adjusted against interest accruing on the amount of compensation payable in stock certificate in round number of years, shall be adjusted by deducting it from the compensation payable in cash under sub-rule 1 of Rule 75 and the interest payable on cash compensation under sub-rule 2 of Rule The payment of annual interest on the stock certificate shall begin from after as many years from the date of vesting as the interest thereof is adjusted towards the interim interest aforesaid.

The date from which the interest on the stock certificate will become payable shall be specified by the Compensation Officer on the indent to be made under Rule The Public Debt Office, Lucknow, shall indicate this date on the stock certificate].

Provided that any stock certificate may be redeemed at an earlier date at the option of the Government. In the case of waqf, trust or endowment mentioned at sub-clause iii of clause a of sub-rule 1 of Rule A, the Compensation Officer shall apportion the compensation due to such waqf, trust or endowment-. Provided that where the deed creating the waqf, trust or endowment does not exist or where the recitations, in the deed are not unequivocal with regard to the apportionment of the estates or the incomes thereof between religious or charitable purpose and other purposes regard will be had to.

The Compensation Officer shall then indicate in the indent in Z. One copy of the indent shall be returned to the Public Debt in acknowledgement of the receipt of the bonds and the other copy shall be kept office in guard file, in order of receipt.

Form 36 in Part I, against each entry of issue and he shall also sign against each entry of issue in Part II of the same register. He shall not, under any circumstances, retain any undisposed of bonds overnight, or allow them to pass into the hands of an official.

Part I shall be divided into separate portions for bonds of each denomination and the serial number of bonds received shall be entered in it immediately on receipt thereof and entries in Columns 4 and 5 made on issue of the bond to the Compensation Office or in case of return to the Public Debt Office. The Sub-Divisional Officer of the tahsil shall verify the stocks at the end of each month and record a certificate in his own handwriting in the said register.

Form 36 to the following effect:. A copy of the proclamation shall also be delivered to the Land Management Committee of the village. Notice in Z. Form C, as the case may be. The receipt in Z. Form C shall be filed along with the roll of the intermediary. Form A shall be issued, one copy of which shall be handed over to the intermediary and the other copy duly signed by him, shall be kept for record with the rolls.

Form 40 on the receipt of advice from the Compensation Officer or an officer appointed to function on his behalf under sub-rule 4. The latter shall then perform all the duties laid down herein for Compensation Officers. Form 40 shall be prepared in triplicate and two copies along with the unclaimed bonds, shall be transmitted to the Public Debt Office, which shall, after verification, return one copy duly acknowledged to the Treasury or Sub-Treasury Officer.

Form 34 in the remarks column and the serial number of the bonds shall be entered in the register in Z. Form A and entries made also in Column 20 of the said register. On receipt of acknowledgement from the Public Debt Office entries shall also be made in Columns 21 and 22 of the register in Z. Form A.

U.P. Zamindari Abolition and Land Reforms Rules, 1952

Tenancy Act. Zamindari Abolition and Land Reforms Act, ]. Tenancy Act, and the U. Land Revenue Act, as may be applicable. Nothing in Rule 4 or 5 shall be construed as depriving any party to the suit or proceeding from any right which may have accrued in his favour in the land, the subject matter of the suit or proceeding, under the Zamindari Abolition and Land Reforms Act, ].

It is a serious blow to attempts towards equidistribution of land resources especially in the light of the fact that the Ceiling Law has failed to make any dent in the land structure of the state. However, the most critical aspect of this legislative activity that has escaped scrutiny is that it reneges on a number of time-tested, pro-poor provisions of the previous law. The process of amending the law was set in motion by the previous Samajwadi Party SP government and the bill was passed by the UP assembly in September But at the time, it could not get presidential assent and remained pending with the central government. But while it halted the amendments, the BSP missed the opportunity to resuscitate the pro-poor, pro-dalit provisions of the old law. When the SP was voted back to power in , the amended bill was once again pursued and this time, it received presidential assent.

It delves into the system of land revenue and tenure set by the act at the village level. Further, it discusses the difference between rehabilitation grant and compensation under the Act. The zamindari system was introduced in India under British rule. Lord Canning, the first Viceroy of India, was the first one who came up with the system of landlords. The Britishers established the zamindari system for expediency and administrative convenience. The zamindars were, in fact, a convenient stick in the mud of a social base for establishing British rule over the working class. After India gained independence, many of the newly established states passed a Zamindari Abolition Act.

Rehabilitation Grant and Compensation under U.P Zamindari Abolition and Land Reforms

Contemporary India demonstrates a curious labyrinth of land ownership patterns and rights for women co-existing in various states and the inter-regional and intra-regional differences between communities and caste groups. Initiated by the Centre for Rural Studies of the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie, this volume is a collection of essays on Land Reforms in India by social scientists across disciplines from fourteen different states. The editors offer an in-depth analysis of the laws governing access and control of land and its ownership by women in the various states of India. They examine the diverse ways in which discrimination is experienced by them in their respective states and propose ways to counter this rampant gender inequality.

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Loris P.


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Claude H.


Now we look into land reform measures after the independence.

Maia L.


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