File Name: history of science and technology in the world .zip
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Portal:History of science
History of technology , the development over time of systematic techniques for making and doing things. By the early 20th century the term embraced a growing range of means, processes, and ideas in addition to tools and machines. A highly compressed account of the history of technology such as this one must adopt a rigorous methodological pattern if it is to do justice to the subject without grossly distorting it one way or another. The plan followed in the present article is primarily chronological, tracing the development of technology through phases that succeed each other in time. Obviously, the division between phases is to a large extent arbitrary.
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The history of science is the study of the development of science , including both the natural and social sciences the history of the arts and humanities is termed history of scholarship. Science is a body of empirical , theoretical , and practical knowledge about the natural world , produced by scientists who emphasize the observation, explanation , and prediction of real-world phenomena. Historiography of science , in contrast, studies the methods employed by historians of science. The English word scientist is relatively recent, first coined by the English polymath William Whewell in the 19th century. Before that, investigators of nature called themselves " natural philosophers ".
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The Department of the History of Science and Technology offers an undergraduate program leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts with a major in science, medicine, and technology, and a graduate program leading to the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. The department offers a variety of courses that deal with the history of the conceptual and technical development of the sciences, as well as the cultural and social impact of science and technology on civilization. These courses are open to all undergraduates in the Schools of Arts and Sciences and Engineering. A few of the courses require some background in an appropriate science, but most are accessible to those with no specialized knowledge who want to understand the part science has played in shaping modern culture. Students who have concerns about their technical competence for a given course should consult the professor involved. Course provides an overview of the medical traditions of six ancient cultures; the development of Greek and Islamic traditions in Europe; and the reform and displacement of the Classical traditions during the Scientific Revolution.
the political and military conflict we now hear as "news" on TV. History has much to offer students who are striving to learn about their world and develop a sense of.
History of technology
The history of science and technology HST is a field of history that examines how the understanding of the natural world science and the ability to manipulate it technology have changed over the millennia and centuries. This academic discipline also studies the cultural, economic, and political impacts of scientific innovation. Histories of science were originally written by practicing and retired scientists, starting primarily with William Whewell , as a way to communicate the virtues of science to the public. In the early s, after a famous paper given by the Soviet historian Boris Hessen , was focused into looking at the ways in which scientific practices were allied with the needs and motivations of their context.
Так начал обретать форму второй план.
По другой стороне улицы, оставаясь невидимым, шел человек в очках в тонкой металлической оправе. ГЛАВА 27 Тени в зале шифровалки начали удлиняться и терять четкость. Автоматическое освещение постепенно становилось ярче. Сьюзан по-прежнему молча сидела за компьютером, ожидая вестей от Следопыта.
- Он выдержал паузу. - Я, конечно, предположил, что это не та Северная Дакота, которую мы ищем, но на всякий случай проверил эту запись. Представь себе мое изумление, когда я обнаружил множество сообщений Энсея Танкадо.
Он присел на край койки. - Теперь, мистер Клушар, позвольте спросить, почему такой человек, как вы, оказался в таком месте. В Севилье есть больницы получше.