File Name: the politics of injustice crime and punishment in america .zip
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Patricia Allard, Women of Color Against Violence. Sign In or Create an Account. Advanced Search. User Tools. Sign In. Skip Nav Destination Close mobile search navigation. Anthology Edited by. This Site. Duke University Press. This content is made freely available by the publisher.
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Don't have an account? Sign in via your Institution Sign In. Email alerts Latest Books. Crime Appeal. Atavism and Punishment. Race and Capital Punishment. Discipline and Punish. Origins of Punishment. The Experience of Punishment. Related Topics violence. The Police Are the Punishment. Duke University Press W. Main St.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. The transformation of U. The country experienced a tumultuous period of economic and political change, rapidly rising crime rates, and changing race relations. The politics of criminal justice policy became much more punitive. Policy makers enacted laws that were meant to send many more people to prison and keep them there longer. These changes reflect a shift in emphasis among competing values.
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The U. Today, more than 2 million Americans are locked in prisons and jails with devastating consequences for poor families and communities, overcrowded institutions and overburdened taxpayers. How did the U. Why have the numbers of women, juveniles, and people of color increased especially rapidly among the imprisoned?
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. After decades of stability from the s to the early s, the rate of incarceration in the United States more than quadrupled in the past four decades. MacArthur Foundation, to review evidence on the causes and consequences of these high incarceration rates and the implications of this evidence for public policy. Our work encompassed research on, and analyses of, the proximate causes of the dramatic rise in the prison population and the societal dynamics that supported those proximate causes.
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Patricia Allard, Women of Color Against Violence. Sign In or Create an Account. Advanced Search. User Tools. Sign In. Skip Nav Destination Close mobile search navigation.
In the last few decades, the institutional contours of American social inequality have been transformed by the rapid growth in the prison and jail population. As an outcast group, the men and women in our penal institutions have little access to the social mobility available to the mainstream. Social and economic disadvantage, crystallizing in penal confinement, is sustained over the life course and transmitted from one generation to the next. This is a profound institutionalized inequality that has renewed race and class disadvantage. Yet the scale and empirical details tell a story that is largely unknown. Though the rate of incarceration is historically high, perhaps the most important social fact is the inequality in penal confinement. This inequality produces extraordinary rates of incarceration among young African American men with no more than a high school education.
Recently, the idea that criminal sanctions should be seen as an essential mechanism within transitional justice for dealing with collective violence has gained increasing traction. The article focuses on the purposes of criminal law and punishment, and what they can achieve in relation to victims and society in transitional contexts. As to victims, it proposes a reorientation of the victim-oriented theories of punishment towards consequentalism and the adoption of a wider concept of justice. As to society, it argues that in transitional contexts the main purpose is positive general prevention. In recent years, the idea that criminal sanctions should be seen as an essential mechanism within transitional justice 1 for dealing with collective violence has gained increasing traction.
В Севильском соборе единственный вход одновременно является выходом.