File Name: beyond oil and gas the methanol economy .zip
- Beyond Oil and Gas: The Methanol Economy (eBook, PDF)
- The Methanol Economy
- ‘Methanol economy’ gains ground with technology, market developments
- Beyond Oil and Gas: The Methanol Economy
The Nobel Prize winner in chemistry, Dr. Versatility, reactivity and relatively low cost of production of methanol lay in the basis of this concept. Methanol can be made from a number of carbon-containing materials, both fossil natural gas, crude oil or coal and renewable biomass, municipal waste and even CO 2.
Beyond Oil and Gas: The Methanol Economy (eBook, PDF)
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Content Sample Chapter Index. Completely revised and updated, the third edition of this bestseller discusses the concept and ongoing development of using methanol and derived dimethyl ether as a transportation fuel, energy storage medium, and as a chemical raw material to replace fossil fuels. Surya Prakash, this is an inspiring read for anyone concerned with the major challenge posed by environmental problems including global warming and ocean acidification due to massive increase in fossil fuel use. The book provides a comprehensive and sustainable solution to replace fossil fuels in the long run by chemical recycling of carbon dioxide through renewable methanol utilizing alternative energy sources such as solar, wind, hydro, geothermal and nuclear. The Methanol Economy is being progressively implemented in many parts of the world. All rights reserved.
The methanol economy is a suggested future economy in which methanol and dimethyl ether replace fossil fuels as a means of energy storage, ground transportation fuel, and raw material for synthetic hydrocarbons and their products. It offers an alternative to the proposed hydrogen economy or ethanol economy. In the s, Nobel prize laureate George A. Olah advocated a methanol economy;    in , he and two co-authors, G. Surya Prakash and Alain Goeppert, published a summary of the state of fossil fuel and alternative energy sources, including their availability and limitations, before suggesting a methanol economy.
The Methanol Economy
The hydrogen economy — with its vision of gas-guzzling engines replaced by hydrogen fuel cells that produce water instead of smog and greenhouse gases — is a big mistake, according to George Olah , winner of the Nobel Prize in chemistry. Olah, whose research in the chemistry of hydrocarbons has led to high-octane fuels and more easily degradable hydrocarbons, is now director of the Loker Hydrocarbon Research Institute at the University of Southern California. He argues that storing energy in the form of methanol, not hydrogen, could end our dependence on fossil fuels and transform carbon dioxide from a global-warming liability into an essential raw material for a methanol-based economy. George Olah : Methanol in its own right is an excellent fuel. And we have developed a methanol fuel cell. Methanol is a very simple chemical that can be made in a very efficient way. It is just one oxygen atom inserted into methane, the basal component of natural gas; but methanol is a liquid material which is easily stored, transported, and used.
Developing a laboratory scale or pilot scale chemical process into industrial scale is not trivial. The direct conversion of CO 2 to methanol, and concomitant production of hydrogen from water electrolysis on large scale, are no exception. However, when successful, there are certain benefits to this process over the conventional process for producing methanol, both economic and environmental. In this article, we highlight some aspects that are unique to the process of converting pure CO 2 to methanol. Starting from pure CO 2 and a separate pure source of H 2 , rather than a mixture of CO, CO 2 , and H 2 as is the case with syngas, simplifies the chemistry, and therefore also changes the reaction and purification processes from conventional methanol producing industrial plants. At the core of the advantages is that the reaction impurities are essentially limited to only water and dissolved CO 2 in the crude methanol. In this paper we focus on several aspects of the process that direct conversion of CO 2 to methanol enjoys over existing methods from conventional syngas.
‘Methanol economy’ gains ground with technology, market developments
Jetzt bewerten Jetzt bewerten. Completely revised and updated, the third edition of this bestseller discusses the concept and ongoing development of using methanol and derived dimethyl ether as a transportation fuel, energy storage medium, and as a chemical raw material to replace fossil fuels. Surya Prakash, this is an inspiring read for anyone concerned with the major …mehr. DE
Beyond Oil and Gas: The Methanol Economy
Вы, должно быть, много путешествуете. Голос болезненно кашлянул. - Да. Немало. - В Севилью - по делам? - настаивал Ролдан. Ясно, конечно, что это никакой не полицейский, это Клиент с большой буквы.
Он снова посмотрел на Джаббу и закрыл. - Танкадо отдал кольцо с умыслом. Мне все равно, думал ли он, что тучный господин побежит к телефону-автомату и позвонит нам, или просто хотел избавиться от этого кольца.