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- A Brief History of the Chakras in Human Body
- Amit Ray Books
- Yoga and Vipassana: An Integrated Life Style
- Yoga And Vipassana An Integrated Lifestyle Pdf
A Brief History of the Chakras in Human Body
A couple of decades ago, it was believed that the seven chakras are worth only for spiritual development. However, recent scientific studies have proven the opposite, uncovering several regulatory chakras in the human body are deeply related to human psychology.
Scientists observed several regulatory micro- networks in the human body, deeply connected with immunity, health, mental peace, emotions and happiness. Biological models of behavior have become increasingly prominent in psychological theory, particularly with the development of various neuro-imaging tools.
The field of neuropsychology, which studies the brain and the connected nervous system, is growingly feeling the role chakras in human psychology.
In this paper, we tried to trace the history of the chakra system on a more scientific basis. Keywords: origin of the chakras, chakras, chakras, seven chakras, chakra psychology, history of chakras, chakra healing, neuropsychology, Ray chakra system. Introduction Some western scholars believe that the chakra system began in India around and BC, when the earliest yoga texts, the Vedas, were written.
Hence, to trace the origin of the chakra system, we have to discover the source of the oral tradition of the chakra system beyond the available ancient texts. In the oral tradition, the transmission of knowledge was from teacher to the student, through presence, speech, stories, prose, and verses. Even today, in eastern India, in the oral tradition of chakra system the information, techniques and knowledge held in common by a group of people, over many generations.
In the western world, we are familiar with the seven primary chakra system. However, in the oral tradition of the chakra system, particularly, in the tradition of Sri Amit Ray, the chakras are not limited by seven or twelve; it goes beyond chakras [19, 21].
The original meaning of the word chakra as "wheel" refers to the chariot wheels of the rulers, called cakravartins. The term is defined as a spinning disk or wheel; a chakra on the human body is a spinning disk or wheel of energy that runs along the spine. The health of one's chakras is directly connected to the health of the physical, mental, and the emotional well being of a person.
Chakra Science and Philosophy Vedas are considered as the philosophy of the Indian system, and chakras are considered as the science of inner body . According to the chakra philosophy, the whole universe is perceived as being created, penetrated and sustained by two fundamental forces, which are permanently in a perfect, indestructible union.
This principle of polarity is the foundation stone of the chakra system. Biologically it represents the masculine and the feminine poles. In chakra philosophy, these forces or universal aspects are called Shiva and Shakti . However, the chakras as psychic centers of consciousness are first mentioned in the Yoga Upanishads B. The Yoga Upanishads are the collections of minor Upanishads. These texts: the Sat-Cakra-Nirupana, written by Swami Purnananda in , and the Padaka-Pancaka, written in the 10th century, contain descriptions of the centers and related practices.
There is also another 10th-century text, called the Gorakshashatakam, which gives instructions for meditating on the chakras.
These texts form the basis of our understanding of chakra theory and Kundalini yoga today. These texts have been the primary source of information on the chakras for most western students of the seven central chakra system. Origin of Chakra System There are seven main chakras along the spine.
However, according to Sri Amit Ray, there are as many as all over the body. In , Sri Amit Ray rediscovered the chakras in the human body based on his profound meditation experiences and the oral tradition [19, 20, 21]. He identified the names, locations and functions of all the chakras for the first time . Scientifically, Ray linked the chakras with the glands, hormones, brain areas and neurons, neurotransmitters, brain-gut axis and the HPA axis.
Ray designed 21 chakra pathways for deep meditation . They are designed to aid accuracy in meditation and the transmission of the healing energy and for the transformation of the soul. Neuropsychology of the Chakras Chakras are often linked to nerve centers, glands and major organs in the body, and each of the seven chakras is said to correlate with different abilities, expressions and types of health and psychological states of the mind.
Chakras balance two opposing forces. The balance between chakra excitation and chakra inhibition is crucial to healthy cognition and behavior. Glutamate and GABA are the two opposing neurotransmitters. When a brain dominated by glutamate would only be capable of exciting itself in repeated bursts of activity, conversely, a brain governed by GABA would only be capable of quiet and soft activities, with little synchronization necessary for meaningful communication between brain areas.
Healthy brain activity thrives in the middle area between these two extremes, where a balance between excitation and inhibition generates complex patterns of activity. Chakra Macrocosm and Microcosm In the framework of modern science: relativity or the physics of the extremely large is referred to as macrocosms. And the quantum mechanics or the physics of the extremely small is referred to as microcosms. According to the chakra system, in these two worlds and beyond, Shiva and Shakti are fully and eternally complete.
Shiva and Shakti are not separate; they are linked to each other as fire and heat . Ray expressed that, Chakra system establishes a relationship between macrocosm and microcosm — inner world and outer world. He said that the ever-changing relationship between the two celestial poles is responsible for the constant flux of the universe and the life energy, in general — both in the inner world and in the outer world.
When there is, too significant an imbalance, between Shiva and Shakti, in the external world, catastrophes can occur such as floods, droughts and plagues. Similarly, in the micro world, if the chakras are imbalanced, you will feel a disturbance in the physical, mental and emotional world. Conclusion Chakra system will remain, a dominant force, not only in Indian spirituality but worldwide in positive psychology. Chakra system is a path for inner revolution, and it is to drop all the religious beliefs, constraints, prejudices and create the space within that to conceive the infinite and timeless truth.
Revolution of the chakra system started long back, with the oral tradition, while maintaining exceptional accuracy of their knowledge across the generations. Scientific studies for both the seven-chakra system and the Amit Ray's chakra system is crucial for modern positive psychology, neuropsychology and healing. References: 1. Avalon, Arthur Sir John Woodroffe.
New York: Dover. Austin, James H. Zen and the Brain. Cambridge: MIT Press. Coward, H. Jung and kundalini. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 30, Cunningham, P. The challenges, prospects and promise of transpersonal psychology. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 26, Cahn, B. Rael, and John Polich. Chernin, Dennis K. Ann Arbor, Mich. Emmons, R. The psychology of ultimate concerns: Motivation and spirituality in personality.
Erikson, E. Identity: Youth and crisis. New York, NY: W. Judith, A. Woodbury, MN: Llewellyn. Lazar, Sara W. Gollub, Gregory L. Fricchione, Gurucharan Khalsa, and Herbert Benson.
Leadbeater, Charles Webster. The Chakras. Wheaton, Ill. Raub, J. Psychophysiologic Effects of Hatha Yoga on, 8 6 , — Ray, Amit. Chanting and Meditation. Inner Light Publishers. Yoga and Vipassana: An Integrated Lifestyle.
Mindfulness: Living in the Moment Living in the Breath. Sperry, L. From psychopathology to transformation: Retrieving the developmental focus in psychotherapy.
Amit Ray Books
Each one of us is having the ability to heal ourselves. We need to learn the techniques for healing. Yoga … More. About years back, Lord Buddha re-established the Vipassana meditation techniques. Vipassana meditation helps effective utilization of mental energy and … More.
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Yoga and Vipassana: An Integrated Life Style
Om chanting is the easiest way to make the chattering mind tranquil. In this book Dr. Ray discussed about the Om chanting methods and techniques to develop a serene, calm and peaceful mind.
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Yoga And Vipassana An Integrated Lifestyle Pdf
Amit Ray born 12 August is an Indian author, and spiritual master. He is known for his teachings on meditation, yoga, peace and compassion. He is author of several books on meditation and other spiritual topics.
Three forms of integrated yoga and vipassana meditations are formulated and discussed. They are as follows: daily formal meditation, daily informal meditation and meditations in retreats. The book is intended for the beginners as well as for the advanced practitioners of yoga and vipassana meditation. These "subtle energies" can be felt just by sitting in silence, amid lush green trees, focusing at the center of your forehead with your eyes closed. I am a huge. Skip to main boutler.
Мидж стояла на своем: - Но, сэр. Коммандер Стратмор обошел систему Сквозь строй. Фонтейн подошел к ней, едва сдерживая гнев. - Это его прерогатива. Я плачу вам за то, чтобы вы следили за отчетностью и обслуживали сотрудников, а не шпионили за моим заместителем.