Cross-scale Morphology Geometry And Dynamics Of Ecosystems Pdf

cross-scale morphology geometry and dynamics of ecosystems pdf

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Literature Cited in Chapter 2. A: Biodiversity: What is It? G: How to Use This Guide.

Holling, C.

Cross-scale Structure and Scale Breaks in Ecosystems and Other Complex Systems

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Allen and C. Allen , C. Holling Published Mathematics Ecosystems. The five articles in this special feature extend the discovery of regular patterns of deviation from scaling laws and from continuous distributions of attributes in ecosystems and other complex systems.

These patterns suggest that these systems organize over discrete ranges of scale and that organization abruptly shifts with changes in scale. View on Springer. Save to Library. Create Alert. Launch Research Feed. Share This Paper. Background Citations. Methods Citations. Figures from this paper. Citation Type. Has PDF. Publication Type. More Filters. Research Feed. Heterogeneity versus homogeneity: A conceptual and mathematical theory in terms of scale-invariant and scale-covariant distributions.

Transdisciplinary Application of Cross-Scale Resilience. View 1 excerpt, cites methods. A test of the cross-scale resilience model: Functional richness in Mediterranean-climate ecosystems. Scale, causality, and the new organism—environment interaction.

The wealth of species: ecological communities, complex systems and the legacy of Frank Preston. View 1 excerpt, cites background. A scaled, contextual perspective of woody structure and dynamics across a savanna riperian landscape. Geomorphology and ecology: Unifying themes for complex systems in biogeomorphology. View 2 excerpts, cites background. The problem of pattern and scale in ecology. View 1 excerpt, references background. Fractal dimensions of landscapes and other environmental data.

Highly Influential. View 6 excerpts, references background. Scale dependence in plant biodiversity. The fourth dimension of life: fractal geometry and allometric scaling of organisms.

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Cross-scale habitat structure driven by coral species composition on tropical reefs

Holling was one of the conceptual founders of ecological economics. He grew up in Northern Ontario , which was where he first became interested in nature. Holling received his B. Marie, Ontario. Marshall Jr. He retired from the University of Florida in , but remained on the faculty as an Emeritus Eminent Scholar.

Request PDF | Cross-scale morphology | The scaling of physical, biological, universal scaling laws that emerge from simple physical and geometric processes. and theory suggests that ecosystem structure and dynamics are dominated by.

Scaling and Complexity in Landscape Ecology

The availability of habitat structure across spatial scales can determine ecological organization and resilience. However, anthropogenic disturbances are altering the abundance and composition of habitat-forming organisms. How such shifts in the composition of these organisms alter the physical structure of habitats across ecologically important scales remains unclear.

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Ecosystem Management pp Cite as. Community ecology and ecosystem ecology seem to have existed in different worlds. Levin suggests that the gulf between the two is the consequence of the different historical traditions in each. Community ecology, for example, emerged from basic studies, where generalized patterns were sought in the natural interactions among the biota. From the outset, the goal has been to deduce general and simple theory.

Holling, C. S. 1978.

Landscapes and the ecological processes they support are inherently complex systems, in that they have large numbers of heterogeneous components that interact in multiple ways, and exhibit scale dependence, non-linear dynamics, and emergent properties. The emergent properties of landscapes encompass a broad range of processes that influence biodiversity and human environments. These properties, such as hydrologic and biogeochemical cycling, dispersal, evolutionary adaptation of organisms to their environments, and the focus of this article, ecological disturbance regimes including wildfire , operate at scales that are relevant to human societies. These scales often tend to be the ones at which ecosystem dynamics are most difficult to understand and predict. We identify three intrinsic limitations to progress in landscape ecology, and ecology in general: 1 the problem of coarse-graining, or how to aggregate fine-scale information to larger scales in a statistically unbiased manner; 2 the middle-number problem, which describes systems with elements that are too few and too varied to be amenable to global averaging, but too numerous and varied to be computationally tractable; and 3 non-stationarity, in which modeled relationships or parameter choices are valid in one environment but may not hold when projected onto future environments, such as a warming climate. Modeling processes and interactions at the landscape scale, including future states of biological communities and their interactions with each other and with processes such as landscape fire, requires quantitative metrics and algorithms that minimize error propagation across scales.

Джабба снова вздохнул. - Это была шутка, Мидж.  - Но он знал, что сказанного не вернешь. ГЛАВА 62 Коммандер и Сьюзан стояли у закрытого люка и обсуждали, что делать. - Итак, внизу у нас погибший Чатрукьян, - констатировал Стратмор.

C. S. Holling

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Подумала. Quis custodiet ipsos custodes. Эти слова буквально преследовали. Она попыталась выбросить их из головы. Мысли ее вернулись к Дэвиду. Сьюзен надеялась, что с ним все в порядке.

Как бы там ни было, Стратмор знал, что Хейла можно будет всегда ликвидировать в случае необходимости. - Решайтесь, приятель! - с издевкой в голосе сказал Хейл.  - Мы уходим или нет? - Его руки клещами сжимали горло Сьюзан. Стратмор знал, что, если он сейчас достанет мобильник и позвонит в службу безопасности, Сьюзан будет жить. Он готов был спорить на что угодно, хоть на собственную жизнь, потому что ясно представлял себе весь сценарий. Этот звонок будет для Хейла полной неожиданностью. Он запаникует и в конце концов, столкнувшись с группой вооруженных людей, ничего не сможет поделать.

 - Он и есть Северная Дакота. Снова последовало молчание: Стратмор размышлял о том, что она сказала. - Следопыт? - Он, похоже, был озадачен.  - Следопыт вышел на Хейла. - Следопыт так и не вернулся. Хейл его отключил. И Сьюзан принялась объяснять, как Хейл отозвал Следопыта и как она обнаружила электронную почту Танкадо, отправленную на адрес Хейла.

C. S. Holling

Это заявление не оставляло места обвинениям в сексуальном домогательстве, однако как-то один из старших криптографов по глупости решил проверить справедливость слов шефа. Однажды, в первый год своей работы в агентстве, Сьюзан заглянула в комнату новых криптографов за какими-то бумагами. Уже направляясь к двери, она увидела свое фото на доске объявлений и едва не лишилась чувств. На фотографии она была изображена наклонившейся над постелью, в одних трусиках.

Беккер покровительственно улыбнулся и перевел взгляд на дверь в ванную.


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Theory posits that community dynamics organize at distinct hierarchical scales of space and time, and that the spatial and temporal patterns at each scale are commensurate.



This paper tests the proposition that a small set of plant, animal, and abiotic processes structure ecosystems across scales in time and space.

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Cross-Scale Morphology, Geometry, and Dynamics of Ecosystems. STOR. C. S. Holling. Ecological Monographs, Volume 62, Issue 4 (Dec.