File Name: types of dc motors and their applications .zip
AC motors are highly flexible in many features including speed control VSD - Variable Speed Drives and have a much larger installed base compared to DC motors, some of the key advantages are:. The current trend for VSD is to add more features and programmable logic control PLC functionality, which add advantages but require greater technical expertise during maintenance. In this type of motor, the rotation of the rotor is synchronized with the frequency of the supply current and the speed remains constant under varying loads, so is ideal for driving equipment at a constant speed and are used in high precision positioning devices like robots, instrumentation, machines and process control.
AC and DC Motors | Types of Electric Motors and Applications
Electric motors play an essential role in almost every industry. Using the right type of motor with high-quality parts and regular servicing keeps your facility running smoothly and prevents damage to the endpoint equipment due to wear or power surges. Gainesville Industrial Electric can help your company select the right industrial electric motors and parts for your applications. Electric motors are machines that convert electrical energy—from either stored power or a direct electrical connection—into mechanical energy through the production of rotational force. The two major types of electric motors are:. Both AC and DC motors use electrical current to produce rotating magnetic fields that, in turn, generate rotational mechanical force in the armature—located on the rotor or stator—around the shaft.
Types of DC Motors
Motors are mechanical or electro-mechanical devices that convert energy into motion. Energy, in the form of electrical, hydraulic, or pneumatic, is converted to rotational or linear motion and then output to a shaft or other power transmission component where it provides useful work. Electrical motors include AC or DC varieties, which are further broken out by specific special purpose electrical motors, including gearmotors, stepper motors, servomotors, and linear motors. Hydraulic and pneumatic motors rely on fluid oil, air for their motive power. Chemical motors include outboard motors for use on boats and rocket motors , both of which use internal combustion and are often called engines.
From robotics to automobiles, small and medium sized motoring applications often feature DC motors for their wide range of functionality. Because DC motors are deployed in such a wide variety of applications, there are different types of DC motors suited to different tasks across the industrial sector. The permanent magnet motor uses a permanent magnet to create field flux. This type of DC motor provides great starting torque and has good speed regulation, but torque is limited so they are typically found on low horsepower applications. In a series DC motor, the field is wound with a few turns of a large wire carrying the full armature current. Typically, series DC motors create a large amount of starting torque, but cannot regulate speed and can even be damaged by running with no load. These limitations mean that they are not a good option for variable speed drive applications.
Which is attached to the field with a field coil armature in DC motors, it is called a series motor. Its field coil is made of a low-angle thick wire. Such motors are very high work in the starting. When changes in armament currents are changed in such motors, flux changes also. In other words, the load decreases with speed as much as it grows. Similarly, when the load decreases, the reduction in currents And increase in the back emf.
DC Motor (PMDC Motor).
All About Motors
A DC motor is any of a class of rotary electrical motors that converts direct current electrical energy into mechanical energy. The most common types rely on the forces produced by magnetic fields. Nearly all types of DC motors have some internal mechanism, either electromechanical or electronic, to periodically change the direction of current in part of the motor. DC motors were the first form of motor widely used, as they could be powered from existing direct-current lighting power distribution systems.
Generally, at the beginning of the motor invention, there is a lot of contribution from various scientists. The inventions of these three scientists led to DC motor development. There are different types of motor that serve different purposes. Based on the requirement and their characteristics the suitable motor is selected.