File Name: participatory rural appraisal principles methods and application .zip
- Participatory Rural Appraisal: Principles, Methods and Application
- Participatory rural appraisal
- Participatory Rural Appraisal
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Participatory Rural Appraisal: Principles, Methods and Application
The book vividly describes the methods of PRA, highlighting the essential features as well as the application, merits and limitations of each method. Participatory Rural Appraisal: Principles, Methods and Application outlines the application of PRA methodology in areas like participatory poverty assessment, sustainable livelihood analysis, assessment of hunger, vulnerability analysis, organizational analysis, monitoring and evaluation. Separate sections on SWOT analysis and on the method of interview and dialogue are also included in the book. The author has provided guidelines for sector-wise application of PRA, which serves as a ready reference for students and practitioners alike. Have you created a personal profile? Login or create a profile so that you can save clips, playlists and searches. Books Add to list Added to list.
Participatory rural appraisal
Contents - Previous - Next. RRA is never the same in different circumstances and never follows a predetermined pattern; its usefulness as a means to information generation lies in this fact. Nevertheless, there are certain principles that must be kept in mind, and often sharing one's experience is valuable for the wider use of this methodology. A variety of approaches have been used by different researchers; nonetheless, the fundamental principles of RRA must be adhered to. Broadly, they are: triangulation, optimal ignorance, appropriate imprecision, rapid and progressive learning, learning from, and along with, rural people. Triangulation relates to the use of more than one, often three, sources of information for validation.
Search Titles Subjects Organizations. Rapid but relaxed and participatory rural appraisal: Towards applications in health and nutrition introductory text For researchers involved in or following the developments of Rapid Rural Appraisal RRA this paper, by its strongest proponent, provided an outline of its major characteristics and an update on both standard and emerging techniques. As implied by the title, and surely by the author's recently completed assignment in India, there is a growing movement by some to enhance even further the participatory nature of RRA, even at the expense of its stress on timeliness. By mid, the momentum of evolving what had begun as "Rapid Rural Appraisal" toward "Participatory Rural Appraisal" had become even stronger and new methods continued to evolve. They originated in growing awareness both of the distorted views gained from rural development tourism the brief rural visit by the urban-based professional , and of the limitations of many large-scale and long-drawn-out questionnaire surveys. In most professions and disciplines, quicker and more cost-effective methods were being invented and used, but practitioners were reticent to write about them for fear of professional ridicule or rejection.
Jump to navigation. PRA is an assessment and learning process that empowers farmers to create the information base they need for participatory planning and action. Outsiders contribute facilitation skills and external information and opinions. Many different tools have been developed for use in PRA. There are four main classes: tools used in group and team dynamics; tools for sampling; options for interviews and dialogue; and options for visualisation and preparing diagrams. Most countries have had some experience with PRA and local publications are available.
Participatory Rural Appraisal
Он профессор, - поправила его Сьюзан и тут же пожалела об. У нее часто возникало чувство, что Стратмор не слишком высокого мнения о Дэвиде и считает, что она могла бы найти себе кого-то поинтереснее, чем простой преподаватель. - Коммандер, - сказала она, - если вы инструктировали Дэвида сегодня утром по телефону из машины, кто-то мог перехватить… - Один шанс на миллион, - возразил Стратмор, стараясь ее успокоить.
Беккер кивнул. Уже в дверях он грустно улыбнулся: - Вы все же поосторожнее. ГЛАВА 67 - Сьюзан? - Тяжело дыша, Хейл приблизил к ней свое лицо. Он сидел у нее на животе, раскинув ноги в стороны.