Research On Religion Spirituality And Mental Health A Review Pdf

research on religion spirituality and mental health a review pdf

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Harold G. It is based on a systematic review of original data-based quantitative research published in peer-reviewed journals between and , including a few seminal articles published since First, I provide a brief historical background to set the stage. Finally, I discuss what health professionals should do in light of these research findings and make recommendations in this regard. Religion, medicine, and healthcare have been related in one way or another in all population groups since the beginning of recorded history [ 1 ].

The association between spirituality and religiousness and mental health

Using inductive content analysis, we identified seven categories regarding the definitions of spirituality: 1 relationship, 2 transcendence, 3 dimension of functioning, 4 a specific human characteristic, 5 searching for the meaning of life, 6 value-based lifestyle, and 7 elusiveness and indefinability. The majority of respondents claimed to include elements of spirituality in therapy. However, some participants included spirituality only under certain circumstances or conditions, or did not include it at all, citing lack of need, lack of a clear definition of spirituality, their own insufficient knowledge, lack of experience, fear, or concern over ethical inappropriateness. This article deepens the knowledge on including spirituality in mental health care, with special consideration for a specific context of a highly religious and religiously homogenous culture. As a complex concept that can be expressed in varied ways, spirituality is difficult to conceptualize Hill et al.

Religious and spiritual factors are increasingly being examined in psychiatric research. Religious beliefs and practices have long been linked to hysteria, neurosis, and psychotic delusions. However, recent studies have identified another side of religion that may serve as a psychological and social resource for coping with stress. After defining the terms religion and spirituality, this paper reviews research on the relation between religion and or spirituality, and mental health, focusing on depression, suicide, anxiety, psychosis, and substance abuse. The results of an earlier systematic review are discussed, and more recent studies in the United States, Canada, Europe, and other countries are described. While religious beliefs and practices can represent powerful sources of comfort, hope, and meaning, they are often intricately entangled with neurotic and psychotic disorders, sometimes making it difficult to determine whether they are a resource or a liability. Abstract Religious and spiritual factors are increasingly being examined in psychiatric research.

Research on Religion, Spirituality, and Mental Health: A Review

Thank you for visiting nature. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer. In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript. A cross-sectional study was carried out among 1, Brazilian adults. Concerning the different levels of spirituality and religiousness,

Click on image for details. Janse van Rensburg,M. Szabo Journal of Religion and Health. Kalra, G. Christodoulou, R. Jenkins, V.

The relevance of religion and spirituality to psychiatric practice

Research has indicated that spiritual and religious factors are strongly tied to a host of mental health characteristics, in both positive and negative ways. That body of research has significantly grown since publication of the first edition of this book 20 years ago. The seconnd edition of the Handbook of Spirituality, Religion and Mental Health identifies not only whether religion and spirituality influence mental health and vice versa, but also how, why, and for whom.

Although religion and spirituality lack universally agreed definitions, it is useful to refer to those provided by the World Psychiatric Association WPA for the purposes of this position statement. It also has the capacity to influence the way they engage and interact with others, including health professionals, and the way they perceive and experience symptoms such as mood, thought disorders or hallucinations. However, it also found some evidence that both low and extremely high levels of religious engagement corresponded with increased prevalence of depression Bonelli and Koenig, Cognitive—behavioural therapy has been adapted to integrate principles from Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism, with demonstrated benefits for people of those faiths Pearce et al.

Religiousness and mental health: a review. This paper reviews the scientific evidence available for the relationship between religion and mental health. METHOD: The authors present the main studies and conclusions of a larger systematic review of studies on the religion-mental health relationship published during the 20 th Century identified through several databases.

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Religion, Spirituality, and Health: The Research and Clinical Implications

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